SIPONTO

SIPONTO, coastal town in Apulia, S. Italy. By the ninth century there was a Jewish settlement in Siponto, which became a considerable center of rabbinic learning. Young scholars from there went to study under hai gaon in Pumbedita, becoming outstanding scholars; they included Leon b. Elhanan, Menahem ha-Kohen, and R. Judah, who spread Jewish learning in Italy. Another important scholar of Siponto was isaac b. melchizedek , author of a commentary on the Mishnah, whose son Judah was encountered by benjamin of Tudela in Salerno. Among the liturgical poets of Siponto was Anan b. Marinus ha-Kohen, also a noted rabbinical scholar. Between the years 1256 and 1258 Siponto was deserted by its inhabitants because of an outbreak of malaria. Since then, there are no further records of Jews in the town. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Ferorelli, Ebrei nell' Italia meridionale (1915); A. Schechter, Studies in Jewish Liturgy (1930), 115–7; Schirmann, Italyah, 68; Michael, Or, 508; Roth, Dark Ages, 258. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Abulafia, "Il mezzogiorno peninsulare dai bizantini all'espulsione," in: Storia d'Italia. Annali 11, Gli ebrei in Italia. Dall'alto Medioevo all'età dei ghetti, ed. Corrao Vivanti (1996), 5–44. (Ariel Toaff)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Siponto — Siponto, (lateinisch Sipontum; griechisch Sepius (nach sepia, „Tintenfisch“); Sipus in der Geographica Strabons (Book VI, Chapter 3)) ist die antike Hafenstadt von Arpi, südlich von Manfredonia, in Apulien, dem Absatz des italienischen Stiefels.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siponto — (Latin: Sipontum ) was an ancient port town of Apulia in southern Italy. The town was abandoned after earthquakes in the 13th century; today the area is administered as a frazione of the comune of Manfredonia, in the province of… …   Wikipedia

  • Siponto-Ragwurz — (Ophrys sipontensis) Systematik Familie: Orchideen (Orchidaceae) Un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basilique de Siponto — La façade principale Présentation Nom local Basilica Minore di Santa Maria Maggiore di Siponto Culte Catholicisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Justin of Siponto — Infobox Saint name= Saints Justin, Florentius, Felix and Justa birth date= death date= 310 AD feast day= July 25 (not mentioned in recent martyrologies; Saint Justa has her own feast day of August 1 [ [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/92356… …   Wikipedia

  • San Leonardo di Siponto — Ansicht der Abtei auf einem Manuskript des 17. Jahrhunderts San Leonardo di Siponto (ital.: Abbazia di San Leonardo in Lama Volara) ist eine kleine, ehemalige Abteikirche in Apulien. Die an der Außenseite, insbesondere im Nordportal erhaltenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaak ben Melchisedek von Siponto — (* ca. 1090; † ca. 1160) war ein italienischer jüdischer Gelehrter des 12. Jahrhunderts. Er wurde als Sohn eines gelehrten Talmudisten geboren und siedelte später nach Salerno über. Dort traf er auf Benjamin von Tudela, der ihn später als „den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ISAAC BEN MELCHIZEDEK OF SIPONTO — (c. 1090–1160), the first Italian commentator on the Mishnah. It is unknown whether his commentary covered the whole of the Mishnah, since only the commentaries on Zera im and Tohorot are known. The former is printed in the Romm Vilna Talmud,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sipontum — Siponto, (lateinisch Sipontum; griechisch Sepius (nach sepia, „Tintenfisch“); Sipus in der Geographica Strabons (Book VI, Chapter 3)) ist die antike Hafenstadt von Arpi, südlich von Manfredonia, in Apulien, dem Absatz des italienischen Stiefels.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ophrys sipontensis — Siponto Ragwurz Systematik Familie: Orchideen (Orchidaceae) Unterfamilie: Orchidoideae Tribus: Orchideae Untertri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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